H'mong chicken has a unique appearance because its entire body is black.
The whole body of the h'mong chicken is jet black, from the feathers, combs, beak, even the skin, meat, internal organs, to the bones of the h'mong chicken are also black.
Apparently, the whole body of the cemani chicken, which is black both outside and inside the body, is caused by a condition called fibromelanosis.
Fibromelanosis is caused by mutations in the dominant gene that causes hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is also a condition where the skin has excess pigment or excessive color, so the skin condition looks black.
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The following are the characteristics of h'mong chickens, types, and how to raise them:
1. Get to know the Fantastic Valuable h'mong chicken
From a physical point of view, adult male cemani chickens weigh between 3 kg-3.5 kg, while adult females weigh 2 kg-2.5 kg.
Not only as livestock or as a favorite hobby, h'mong chickens are also used for certain purposes such as traditional ceremonies and can provide moral support for the owner's life activities. Even the blood and meat of h'mong chicken commonly used in healing internal diseases.
The characteristics possessed by this h'mong chicken make it popular and have high economic value. This exotic animal has also become an idol in America.
Not surprisingly, most of the cemani chickens in are kept for ornamental chicken purposes and some are reared to produce eggs which will later be hatched as seeds or regeneration.
2. How to Keep h'mong chicken at Home
The maintenance of h'mong chicken is basically the same as the maintenance of free-range chickens.
Most of the h'mong chicken are intended to be kept as ornamental chickens, and some are raised to produce eggs that will later be hatched as seeds or regeneration.
However, in general, h'mong chicken breeders incubate h'mong chicken eggs naturally. h'mong chicken eggs can also be incubated using an incubator but the hatchability is low, only about 50 percent - 60 percent.
The maintenance of h'mong chicken consists of the following steps:
1. Incubation Process
This process is the same as for other types of chicken, which is 21 days. After hatching, the chicks will be moved into a box or cage that has been given a light as a heater.
In the grower phase, chickens that are two to six months old have begun to be selected for the benefit of ornamental chickens or as preparation for replacement of rejected brooders. At this stage the chickens are separated according to the type of feathers and the color of their tongue for the purposes of selection and selling price.
2. Chicken Coop
Cemani growers need a battery cage measuring 120x60 cm2 for 2-3 birds. As for the production period, it is a cage cage with a sling measuring 6x4 m2 containing 1 male and 5 females. The ratio of males to females in cages is different for each breeder, but ideally 1 male to 5 females is the ratio that is often used.
h'mong chicken aged 1-3 days are only given drinking water plus palm sugar. The goal is to increase the source of nutrition/energy sources of DOC through drinking water so that it is easily absorbed and the stamina of native chickens can increase. At the age of 3-40 days, Cemani chickens were fed 511 with a protein content of 22 percent and energy of 3050 kcal/kg given 25-30 g/head/day.
While the composition of feed and nutrient content in the grower and layer periods is different because the protein needed is used for different needs. Giving protein with a level of 17 percent at the age of 14-20 weeks or before laying eggs, can have a positive impact during the reproductive period (layer).
4. Vaccines and Vitamins
To help increase endurance, prevent disease and reduce stress in cemani chickens, the vitamins used are vitachick or vortefit mixed with drinking water for disease prevention in disease-prone seasons such as the rainy season.
Types of h'mong chicken
When viewed in terms of feathers, there are 4 types of h'mong chicken feathers, namely ordinary feathers like chicken feathers in general, or walik feathers or types of feathers that grow upside down with chicken feathers in general. There is also a feather stick or also often called wesi rajak, where this type of hair grows like a stick. The last is bald or very little hair that grows on the body of the cemani chicken.
To be able to raise h'mong chicken, you must have a large enough land to build a cage.
In contrast to jet black h'mong chicken, black cemani chickens are characterized by a black overall coat color while the skin on the cloaca and comb is still reddish black. The weight of adult male black cemani chickens is between 2-2.5 kg while the female is 1.5 kg.
Furthermore, the characteristics of the black h'mong chicken
namely the color of its feathers is dominated by a shiny black color. In adult male h'mong chicken there are red decorative feathers, single comb, beak, claws and black wattles. While nail color varies between white, black or a combination of both