Vegetables are preferred because organic chemicals are minimal. Besides being popular, how to grow organic vegetables is also easy.
For those of you who only have a small land at home, you can grow a variety of organic vegetables. Well, so that your plants grow optimally.
Here is a 10 How to start a vegetable garden for beginners
1. Choose vegetables to grow
Make sure you choose vegetables that you like so they don't go to waste. Also choose vegetables that don't rot quickly, Bela. To be more efficient, you can also choose vegetables that are sold at high prices. Do research on the vegetables that you will plant such as the need for sunlight, how to care for them and the growth process.
2. Prepare good soil
Good soil will produce good vegetables. Make soil that contains lots of organic matter such as compost and others. Try to keep the soil fertile and loose. You can make loose soil from compost.
Compost can help the soil to retain moisture, as a nutrient for plants and worms and microbes that can help improve the soil. Compost can be made from a mixture of leaf piles, grass clippings and household waste such as eggshells and coffee grounds.
3. Choose land that is exposed to the sun
In organically growing vegetables is better done in land that gets full sun. Vegetable fields should be exposed for at least 6-10 hours a day. However, do not worry there are some vegetables that get sunlight for 3 hours / day such as lettuce, kale, celery and mustard greens.
4. Regular watering
In addition to sufficient sunlight, plants must also have sufficient moisture. For seedlings that have not grown, it is recommended to water them regularly, morning and evening with sufficient water. It aims to accelerate root growth. As for plants that have grown, dip your finger into the soil to a depth of 3 centimeters in the morning. If it still feels damp, it means that the water content in the soil is still there. You do not need to water first, do watering in the afternoon.
5. Plant some flowers
One of the success factors for growing organic vegetables at home is pollination. Plant some flowers in or near vegetables to invite weak pollinators.
6. Use quality seeds
Quality seeds will produce quality vegetables too. Purchase certified organic vegetable seeds without the use of pesticides or other chemicals.
7. Protect with mulch
Mulch is a gardening medium to cover plants such as vegetables. The function of mulch is to protect the soil and suppress the growth of weeds and diseases, so that plants can grow well, without worrying about pests. Making organic mulch is difficult. You can use straw from rice waste, grass clippings, or wood shavings. It also aims to add nutrients to the soil.
8. Know the wind direction
If your house is surrounded by strong winds then you have to create defenses for your plants. This can be done by building fences, walls, trellises, or other structures to reduce the effects of strong winds.
9. Companion plants
Combine your organic vegetables with other vegetables to help increase yields. It can also prevent insects, diseases, and improve the taste of vegetables.
10. Get up in
Building to be the best way to the success of organic vegetables. This method can significantly extend the growing season. Plants that grow in the highlands will warm up in early spring and make harvesting easier. use of chemically treated wood.