Mealworm farming - caterpillars are easy to find in manure areas and are usually fermented in large quantities and dried.
Many caterpillars will come out of their droppings and will appear in large numbers and will turn into caterpillars.
so the cultivation of caterpillar cages is not difficult and does not require a lot of capital
Here is 13 ways to mealworm farming for beginners
1. Preparation of Cultivation Site
The right place for cultivation is to have a roof, both indoors and outdoors. Because this will protect the seeds from rain and direct sunlight.
A better place for cultivation should be 20% light or not dark. Turn on the light only when needed, for example while breastfeeding.
2. Box Preparation
For the seed container and the caterpillar parent container is the roof of the box. Where this place must be coated on the inside with melamine plywood so that the parent pile placed in the box cannot get out and propagate out.
The size of the box will determine the number of caterpillars that will be harvested, and these can actually be ordered according to taste.
3. Filter Selection
Filters used in caterpillar cultivation are divided into 3 types, namely as follows:
Sieve size: the sieve used to separate the corn cobs.
Medium size sieve: filter used to separate caterpillar broodstock.
Small size filter: filter used to separate the product from the cage.
4. Use of Cikrak or Plastic Spoons
To take the mother and seeds from the caterpillar cage, then you have to use several potential tools such as a dipper or this cikrak. This will be useful in taking seeds and broodstock en masse without having to fear that many will be scattered and left behind.
5. Plastic Brush or Brush
Potential tools that are usually used to clean media and caterpillar cages.
6. Feeding the Caterpillar Cage
The feed that will be given to the caterpillar cage is very easy to get, cheap and very simple. The caterpillar feeds are sweet potatoes, yam, raw papaya and other natural ingredients. You can add concentrate to caterpillar feed for better and optimal growth.
7. Use of Polar
Polar is a medium that will be used as a place for caterpillars and brooders to find food.
8. Prepare the Corn
Corn cobs commonly used for seedling media containers or broodstock boxes are types of corn cobs that have been previously mashed, usually using a hammer and some farmers also use cotton.
9. Crop Farmer
Adjust the planting size to the number of brooders to be planted. However, before you plant broodstock you must prepare the following:
Prepare an empty container or box in advance that is moistened and cleaned first.
Polar media as necessary, this is because each breeder has its own number.
The troops that have been broken first, the more in number.
10. Parents Farewell
After planting for 9 days to 12 days, you can separate the broodstock. In the box, you will see several small cage caterpillars and how to separate them using the following technique:
Prepare a large sieve in advance.
Separate the media from the corncobs using a large sieve, transfer the corncobs back to another empty box.
Sift the brood using a medium or large sieve over the empty box seen earlier.
Replant new brooders in the maintenance box using corn cobs and new planting media
However, first separate the corn cobs that will be used and let stand.
11. Separation of Eggs with Parent Caterpillar Cage
After successfully cultivating cage caterpillars, the caterpillars will immediately lay eggs. There is an important point when you have to separate the eggs that have hatched from the mother.
Separate the caterpillar seeds that have hatched and those that are 10 days old, by separating them using a sieve. You can use a small sieve to separate the hatching eggs.
The caterpillar cage will lay eggs again when the chicks have been separated from the mother.
12. Enlargement of Cage Caterpillar Seeds
Caterpillars whose seeds have been separated from their mothers can be directly raised. Separate the caterpillars from the corncobs again after 15 days of planting by sifting again.
13. Do daily maintenance
The daily caterpillar care is usually by feeding the caterpillars 2 times a day, from morning to evening until the caterpillars can be harvested.